Are you looking for the best motherboards for Ryzen 7 3700X? Read on to know more!
Motherboards are the backbone of any PC build. With a motherboard, you can select from a variety of CPUs and RAM to create your custom dream machine. The Ryzen 7 3700X is the world’s best processor for gaming and content creation.
The AMD team has been working hard to create a processor that can dominate in both fields, and they have finally succeeded. This chip offers four cores with eight threads, an impressive 12MB of cache memory, and a base clock speed of 3.6GHz.
The new Ryzen 7 3700X boasts a 3.6 GHz base clock speed to provide the best performance for gaming, editing video, or just about anything you can throw at it. This high-performance CPU also comes with an impressive 16MB of L3 cache and a TDP of 95 watts.
And if that wasn’t enough, AMD has included in this processor 12nm fabrication technology to make it more power-efficient and cooler running than previous generations (even while under heavy workloads).
Ryzen 7 3700X is an awesome processor that can be used to build a high-end gaming machine. And, while it’s possible to find motherboards for this on Amazon or Newegg, there are some things you should know before making your purchase. In this blog post, we will go over the best motherboards for Ryzen 7 3700X so you can make an informed decision when buying one of these boards.
Table Of Content
- Top 8 Best Motherboards for Ryzen 7 3700X
- 1. ASUS ROG Strix X570-E Gaming ATX Motherboard
- 2. MSI MEG X570 ACE Motherboard
- 3. ASUS ROG X570 Crosshair VIII Formula Motherboard
- 4. MSI MPG X570 GAMING PLUS Motherboard
- 5. GIGABYTE X570 AORUS ELITE
- 6. ASRock X570 PHANTOM GAMING X Motherboard
- 7. GIGABYTE B550M AORUS PRO Motherboard
- 8. ASUS ROG STRIX X570-I Gaming Motherboard
- How To Choose The Best Motherboards for Ryzen 7 3700X
Top 8 Best Motherboards for Ryzen 7 3700X
The ASUS ROG Strix X570-E Gaming ATX Motherboard is a top-quality motherboard that offers an excellent balance of features, design, and performance. This board features dual PCIe 4.0 slots for the latest graphics cards with support for CrossFireX or SLI configurations.
It also has eight memory slots that can be used to install up to 64GB of DDR4 RAM at speeds up to 3466MHz (OC). Featuring an Intel® Gigabit LAN port and Bluetooth 5 connectivity, this motherboard offers all the tools you need to build your perfect gaming rig.
This board features a unique design with an integrated I/O shield, which means that you don’t have to worry about plugging in any pesky cables before you install your components. It’s also compatible with both AMD and Intel processors, so it can suit just about anyone’s needs.
It features a ton of new technology, including PCI Express 4.0 support, M.2 Shield FROZR cooling, ESS SABRE DAC with Hyperstream II chip for 115dB SNR and 120MHz ES9023P digital-to-analog converter for high fidelity sound output.
This motherboard has four DDR4 memory slots, with support of up to 128GB of RAM. With its Aura, Sync RGB lighting, and built-in LED illumination, this board looks great in any case. The advanced chipset cooling design keeps your CPU running at optimal temperatures while gaming.
The CPU socket is AM4 compatible and supports AMD’s Ryzen series CPUs as well as 7th Gen A-series/ Athlon processors from the previous generation. There are also 4x PCI Express 3.0 x16 slots, 2x M2 slots, 8x SATA3 ports, and a USB 3.1 front panel connector to make sure you have all your bases covered when it comes to performance.
With an integrated M.2 slot, it offers blazingly fast data transfer speeds of up to 32Gbps. The ASUS Aura Sync RGB lighting provides ambient illumination that can be customized with over 10 different effects or colors, so you have full control over your gaming atmosphere.
It has a ton of features and capabilities that you will love, including up to 8 cores with 16 threads, DDR4 memory support up to 4400MHz speeds, 2x M.2 slots for blazing-fast data transfers, Intel® Optane™ Memory compatibility, and more.
The new M.2 Shield Frozr heatsink reduces system temperature by up to 10°C when in use, and offers active cooling that prevents throttling even under intense loads. This motherboard also provides numerous RGB lighting effects so you can customize your rig to match your personality.
- Dual onboard M.2 heatsinks
- Pre-mounted I/O shield
- SLI and CrossFireX support
- No clear CMOS on the rear panel
- No support for 8-Channel audio
The MSI MEG X570 ACE is a monster of an AMD motherboard and the latest in the MEG series. It features four DIMM slots for up to 128GB of DDR4-3200 memory and dual Intel Gigabit LAN ports with Game Boost and WTFast support. The integrated I/O shield provides convenient access to VGA, HDMI, USB 3.1 Gen 2 Type-C ports, two USB 3.1 Gen 2 Type-A ports (supporting 4K video output), as well as RJ45 Ethernet port onboard.
This motherboard has all of the features that you need to make your PC experience fantastic! It supports AMD’s Ryzen CPUs and comes with built-in WiFi and Bluetooth connectivity. . This motherboard has the latest technology to ensure your gaming experience will be smooth and seamless. Not only does this board have excellent features, but it also looks great! The dragon motif on the PCB makes this board stand out in any case.
This motherboard offers gamers and enthusiasts the best in performance, compatibility, and connectivity for your desktop PC system. The board features an AMD RYZEN™ 3000 series processor with up to 16 cores/32 threads of processing power, high-speed DDR4 memory support, dual-channel integrated graphics with HDMI 2.0b support that can output 4K resolution at 60Hz refresh rate on two displays simultaneously (for VR), three PCIe x16 slots for multi GPU setups, six SATA ports for storage devices plus additional PCIe lanes from the chipset as well as USB 3.1 Gen2 ports capable of 10Gb/s transfer speeds.
The MSI MEG X570 ACE Motherboard has an amazing design with RGB lighting, which can be customized to fit any style. This motherboard also has 8 DDR4 memory slots and supports up to 128GB of RAM, so you have plenty of space for all your needs. The MSI MEG X570 ACE Motherboard also features 4 PCI-E x1 slots and 2 PCI-E x16 slots for expansion cards.
It supports up to three graphics cards, has four reinforced PCIe slots with steel reinforcement and metal shield, and uses the Intel Z390 chipset. The I/O panel includes two USB 3.1 Gen 2 ports (Type C), two USB 3.1 Gen 1 ports, one HDMI port, one DisplayPort port, Gigabit Ethernet jack, eight audio jacks (7.1 channel surround sound), and six SATA 6Gb/s ports.
With its cutting-edge features, it will be able to handle any task you throw at it with ease. It also has a number of other qualities that make it an excellent choice for gamers or anyone looking for a reliable motherboard to upgrade their PC with.
- Better EMI protection
- Shielded DIMM & PCIe slots
- Maximum heat dissipation
- No DDL/DTS Connection
- No support for Quad-GPU SLI
The ASUS ROG Crosshair VIII Formula is the newest motherboard of the high-end X570 chipset. The design and engineering that went into this board are impressive, with it having a lot of features that will get you up to speed on what’s new in processors. This includes support for PCI-E Gen 4.0, which means you can get more bandwidth than ever before.
Many other great features are packed into this motherboard including Dual 10G LAN ports, DDR4 RAM compatibility up to 4400MHz+, USB 3.1 Gen 2 Type C port with NVMe SSD Upto 10x faster speeds, and much more.
It has a total of eight DIMM slots with support for up to 64GB of DDR4 memory, and three PCIe x16 slots as well as four PCI Express 3.0 x1 slots. The board also features two M.2 connectors with one supporting 2242/2260/2280 storage devices and the other supporting 2230 storage devices, six SATA ports, dual Gigabit Ethernet LAN ports with Intel I211AT controllers, and onboard 802.11ac Wi-Fi with 2×2 MU-MIMO capabilities.
The ROG Crosshair VIII Formula comes with the AM4 socket and AMD’s latest Zen 2 architecture, making it a powerful board for gamers and professionals alike. It also comes with an impressive cooling system: there are four headers on this board for liquid or air cooling, and two of them come pre-installed with high-quality water blocks from EKWB.
This board has a lot of impressive features, but we’re going to highlight some of them in this blog post. For starters, it’s got eight DDR4 DIMM slots that can support up to 128GB RAM with speeds up to 3600MHz and overclocked memory up to 4200MHz!
The Crosshair VIII Formula also has four PCIe x16 slots for graphics cards and other expansion cards, as well as three M.2 ports for storage devices like SSDs or NVME drives. It’s got an Intel Gigabit LAN port too so you’ll never have any issues.
This motherboard has a lot of overclocking tools that will help you get your system running at its best possible performance. What’s more, it also has some great features like RGB lighting and WiFi 6, which are sure to make this one of the best motherboards on the market today.
It features an 8-phase VRM, four DDR4 DIMM slots for up to 128GB of memory, dual PCIe 4x M.2 ports (one type 22110), two USB 3.1 Gen 2 Type-A ports on the rear I/O panel, one USB 3.1 Gen 2 Type-C port on the rear I/O panel, three PCI Express x16 slots, and three PCIe 4x lanes for additional expansion cards like graphics cards or soundcards with x8 bandwidth.
- Plenty of USB ports
- 5GbE LAN with Wi-Fi 6
- Automated system-wide tuning
- No video ports
- No passive chipset cooling
The MSI MPG X570 GAMING PLUS motherboard is an excellent choice for gamers or any type of PC user. The board features a 4-way multi-GPU support, USB 3.1 Gen 2, and DDR4 4400MHz memory support. This particular model has the AMD Ryzen 7 3750H processor which is perfect for gaming laptops that are on the go but still need to be able to play games at high settings.
The MPG X570 GAMING PLUS is the latest in MSI’s line of motherboards that support the latest and greatest from AMD. It comes with all of the features you would expect in a high-end board: it supports up to four graphics cards, packs 12 USB ports, and can be overclocked at your whim.
With its large amounts of storage, it will be able to handle all the games you want to play without slowing down your system. The audio quality on this board is unbeatable and will make sure your gaming experience is as immersive as possible. This board features an Intel Core i7-9700K processor, 8GB of DDR4 RAM, and the Nvidia GeForce RTX 2070 with an 8GB GDDR6 graphics card.
It also includes USB 3.1 Gen2 Type-A ports on the back panel for improved data transfer speeds, NVMe PCIe M.2 SSD support to increase storage performance up to 32 Gb/s (PCIe x4) or 16 Gb/s (PCIe x2), RGB lighting that can be customized using software like Mystic Light Connector Plus, and more.
It has support for AMD’s latest Ryzen 3000 series, which means you can enjoy all of your favorite games with incredible graphics and high frame rates. The motherboard also comes with a slew of other features that make it perfect for any gamer on the market. The MSI MPG X570 GAMING PLUS Motherboard maintains this tradition with its superb quality and design, all while still staying at an affordable price point.
This motherboard supports up to 128GB of DDR4 RAM (and can be expanded to 256GB) as well as Intel’s 8th generation processors, making it perfect for gaming systems. Plus, with built-in WiFi and Bluetooth capabilities, you will never need to worry about connecting your devices again.
The MSI MPG X570 GAMING PLUS Motherboard is an excellent choice if you’re looking to build your PC with an AMD processor inside. With its many features, it’s perfect for gaming, work, or even just surfing the internet.
- Digital PWM IC
- Primary M.2 heatsink
- Optimized circuit layouts
- No wireless connectivity
- No integrated rear IO panel
GIGABYTE has been one of the leaders in PC gaming for a long time, and their latest motherboard is no exception. The GIGABYTE X570 AORUS ELITE Gaming Motherboard was designed with gamers in mind, but it has features that will appeal to everyone.
It comes with RGB lighting which can be customized across five zones on the board, and there are plenty of ports so you’ll never need an adapter again. It offers many features such as support for AMD’s latest 2nd Generation Ryzen processors, USB 3.1 Gen2 Type-C connectivity, and integrated RGB lighting.
The motherboard comes with a look made to appeal to gamers, with red LEDs and black PCBs. It also supports up to 3 way SLI/CrossFireX configuration for high-end gaming PCs. If you are looking for a new gaming PC build or just want some more power in your current system, this might be the perfect solution.
With its PCIe 4.0 slot, you can get up to 64GB/s of bandwidth and take your gaming experience to the next level. Whether you’re playing games like Battlefield V or Fortnite, this board will make sure that your game runs smoothly without any stuttering or lag time. Plus, with its integrated WiFi card, you’ll be able to connect anywhere in your home without needing an Ethernet cable.
The board uses the AMD X570 chipset and supports 2nd Gen Ryzen CPUs, dual M.2 SSDs running in RAID 0, and an Intel Wireless-AC 9560 802.11ac Wi-Fi/Bluetooth 5 combo card to keep you connected with your friends and family during intense gaming sessions. With an included 3D Carbon Backlit Keyboard and Gigabyte’s RGB Fusion software, this motherboard is truly designed for gamers.
It has 16 phases, which allows for efficient and stable power delivery to your CPU. The motherboard also supports up to 64GB of DDR4 RAM with speeds up to 4133MHz. This motherboard has all of the features that you need, like an M.2 slot and RGB lighting, as well as some incredible performance capabilities with its high-end Intel i7 CPU and AMD Ryzen 3000 series GPU.
It has powerful features, such as 3D VR, and it’s built with high-quality materials so you can game in peace knowing that your board will last. You’ll also love the RGB Fusion 2.0 lighting system if you’re into customizing your rig. This motherboard was designed with hardcore gamers in mind and features up to three M.2 slots, an Intel® I219-V Gigabit LAN controller, dual HDMI ports, USB 3.1 Gen 2 Type-A+C ports, and more.
- Audio Noise Guard
- Thermal padded heatsinks
- Multiple Temperature Sensors
- No WiFi
- No postcode display
The ASRock X570 Phantom Gaming-X motherboard is the latest in the high-end X570 chipset series. It features a 12+2 power phase design with premium components, delivering stable and reliable power to your powerhouse CPU.
The motherboard also has an advanced cooling solution that provides four fan headers and three water pumps. This means you can cool your CPU with either air or liquid, depending on what you prefer! Lastly, this board supports up to 64GB of DDR4 memory at 3200MHz for maximum performance.
With the ASRock X570 PHANTOM GAMING X Motherboard, you get a motherboard that supports both AMD Ryzen 3000 series CPUs as well as up to 128GB of DDR4 memory.
The motherboard has four PCIe lanes dedicated to graphics cards with an additional 16 PCIe lanes for other peripherals like high-speed storage devices, sound cards, or anything else your heart desires. It has a lot of features that make it stand out from other boards such as an M.2 heatsink, dual USB 3 ports (one Type-C), AMD StoreMI support, and much more.
It has three M.2 slots, four DIMM slots for up to 64GB in DDR4 memory, and eight SATA ports. The onboard audio includes a Realtek ALC1220A codec which provides excellent sound quality and includes support for 120dB SNR playback as well as 113dB SNR recording.
This board features WiFi 6 for improved wireless connections, 4 DDR4 memory slots that are designed to be compatible with overclocked RAM speeds, and a slew of other advanced features that you’re sure to love.
The board features a lot of interesting, and aggressive-looking design elements that give it a distinct look from other motherboards on the market. With an extended heatsink to keep your processor cool under intense workloads, M.2 slots to improve storage speeds, and many PCI-E lanes for future expansion with additional graphics cards or PCIe NVMe drives – this is one of the best boards you can buy.
This board, the X570 PHANTOM GAMING X Motherboard, will offer all of the latest features and technologies from ASRock’s previous boards as well as some added improvements to satisfy those who are looking for more this year. It features a ton of RGB lighting options so you can customize your build with ease.
- 3 PCIe 4.0 x16
- Quad-GPU SLI support
- 14 phase VRM with cooling
- No user-friendly BIOS
- No Legacy Ports/Jacks
The Gigabyte B550M AORUS PRO Motherboard is one of the best choices for upgrading your PC. It offers an excellent balance between performance and price, giving you all the features you need at a very reasonable cost.
The GIGABYTE B550M AORUS PRO Motherboard offers support for up to 64GB of DDR4 RAM. It also has four DIMMs so it can support up to 32GB per slot without needing any extra hardware! Additionally, the motherboard supports USB 3.0 Type-C ports on the rear I/O panel which offer much faster data transfer times than traditional USB 3.0 ports.
This is a new addition to Gigabyte’s lineup of motherboards that features many features that are not usually found in budget-friendly motherboards like it. It has an impressive number of ports and slots, including four PCI Express x16 (2 @ x8), six SATA 6Gb/s, two M.2 sockets for SSDs, and one USB 3.1 Type-C connector with support for UASP mode.
It has everything you need at an affordable price, and is even compatible with AMD’s newest Ryzen processors! If that wasn’t enough, the PCI-E slot supports NVIDIA SLI graphics cards. This means that if your computer can handle it, you could be running games on up to 4 monitors simultaneously.
It features an AM4 socket with support for up to two-way CrossFireX™ or SLI™ configurations, making it perfect for gaming enthusiasts! The motherboard also includes the ALC1220 120dB SNR HD audio codec so you can enjoy your games on sound as well as graphics.
It offers many features that are perfect for any gamer, including support for up to 64GB of DDR4 RAM at speeds up to 3600MHz, an M.2 slot (with PCIe 3.0 x4 bandwidth), USB Type-C ports, Intel 802.11ac WiFi, and RGB Fusion lighting.
This motherboard has plenty of ports, slots, and other features built in to give you the best experience possible. The latest Intel B250 chipset gives it more than enough power for most users as well as support for DDR4 memory up to 2667 MHz. If you need a reliable motherboard with excellent performance at a low price, this may be just what you’re looking for.
- Powerful VRM for mATX
- High-quality audio chipset
- Hybrid Fan Headers with FAN STOP
- No BT & WiFi
- Secondary M.2 drive might throttle
The ASUS ROG STRIX X570-I Gaming Motherboard offers some excellent features to help you get ahead of your competition. This motherboard will provide users with a variety of overclocking options, including an 8+4 pin power connector for extreme overclocking.
It also has onboard WiFi and Bluetooth capability that allows gamers to connect wirelessly without using up valuable PCI slots on their motherboard or draining battery life from their laptop’s battery too quickly.
It offers all of the latest Intel Z390 chipset features, including 8+4 power phase design, 3D Vapor Chamber Cooling, and dual M.2 slots with USB 3.1 Gen 2 support for 10Gbps transfer speeds! This motherboard will provide years of gaming enjoyment with an easy upgrade path to future Intel CPUs.
This board has been optimized for overclocking and features an impressive set of integrated hardware that will help you get the most out of your system. With 8 DDR4 DIMM slots, it can support up to 128GB of memory which will allow you to run more demanding applications with ease. It also features three M2 slots so you can add additional storage if needed.
It features the new Zen 2 architecture and has improved power delivery to support overclocking. The board supports up to three graphics cards, one of which can be an NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2080 Ti SLI or Radeon RX 5700 XT Pro Duo. If you are building a high-end system, this motherboard is perfect.
With this board, you get the latest Intel Core processors and AMD Ryzen CPUs with up to 64GB of DDR4 memory. If that’s not enough, then you can upgrade your system later thanks to the M.2 slots! The exclusive Maximus XI Hero Wi-Fi AC chipset provides connectivity that will keep you online without interruption even when playing games or streaming content from Netflix or YouTube.
This board has some of the best features you can find on a gaming motherboard, such as SupremeFX which gives gamers audio that sounds crisp and clear. There are also 8 DDR4 memory slots to add more RAM capacity if needed. If you want a high-end gaming PC with top-notch specs, this is a perfect choice.
The board includes USB 3.1 Gen 2 ports, 802.11ac Wi-Fi, Gigabit Ethernet connections, Intel I219V Gigabit LAN controller for high speeds on wired networks, DDR4 Memory Support up to 3600MHz (O.C.), M2 PCI Express slots for SATA SSDs or other type M2 cards such as WiFi cards or Bluetooth Cards.
- Ultra-durable capacitors
- Embedded chipset Heatpipe
- LED-illuminated Audio Jacks
- No thermal pad for VRM.
- No gold plated audio jacks.
How To Choose The Best Motherboards for Ryzen 7 3700X
The AMD Ryzen 7 3700X is one of the newest and most sought-after CPUs for PC enthusiasts. It’s not just a CPU, it’s also a motherboard that has been designed to put everything you need in place for your next build. With that said, choosing the best Motherboard can be difficult; there are so many options! That’s why we’ve created this guide on how to choose the best motherboards for Ryzen 7 3700X with all the specs and information you will need to make an informed decision.
The best motherboards for Ryzen 7 3700X are the ones that support overclocking. Intel’s new Z390 chipset offers a ton of features, including integrated WiFi and Bluetooth which are perfect for gamers who want to stream their gameplay without any lag.
The motherboard market has been dominated by Intel in recent years but AMD’s newest release might change that. The CPU giant has dropped prices on its latest processors, releasing the affordable Ryzen 3 series alongside the high-end Ryzen 9 parts with up to 16 cores and 32 threads – all available at much more competitive price points than Intel alternatives.
Choosing the best motherboard for your Ryzen 7 3700X can be a difficult decision, but this article will help you make that choice. We’ve identified some of the top boards on the market and reviewed them to help you decide which one is right for you. After reading through our reviews, we hope that it will be easier to choose your motherboard.
The motherboard is the most important part of your PC. It dictates how fast it can go, what components you can use and so much more. The only problem is that these motherboards are designed to be as good as possible for a vast majority of people, not just you.
If you want to make the most out of your machine, overclocking your motherboard may be necessary. It’s a great way to squeeze more performance out of your system, but it can also be dangerous for the hardware if done wrong. This article will guide you through overclocking in the motherboard so that you can do so safely and effectively.
It provides the necessary interfaces for all other components to communicate with one another, and it’s responsible for maintaining a stable environment through regulating voltage, temperature, and fan speed. Overclocking your motherboard can yield significant performance improvements in games or applications that are bottlenecked by the CPU or GPU speeds.
Socket in a motherboard is computer hardware that allows you to easily change or upgrade your processor. A socket sits on the motherboard and uses pins to connect with the processor. The size of the pins can vary depending on what type of socket it is. For example, an LGA 1155 socket has 1150 pins while an LGA 1366 has 1362 pins. An AM3+ socket will have 942 pins and so on.
The socket in the motherboard is where the processor and memory go. It is a small, square, or round hole on your board that you can see with a magnifying glass. The purpose of this space is to house all of the important components for your computer so they are close to each other and able to communicate easily.
This space must be compatible with the type of processor that you are using, and it should also have enough pins to connect to all of the other components on your motherboard. When installing a new CPU, you will need to install it into one of these spaces.
Storage Capacity in a motherboard is a very important parameter to consider when buying a PC. There are different types of storage capacities available on the market, depending on your need and budget. For example, you can buy a PC with an SSD as the only storage device for faster booting times and quicker application loading, or you could buy one that has both an HDD and an SSD for better performance with less cost. Let’s look at some of the most common storage devices:
A hard drive (HDD) stores data by using spinning disks coated with magnetic material which stores information about what it reads from its sensors. It operates at slower speeds than other devices so it’s not good for working on large files like videos or photos. It’s great for storing large amounts of data and offers cheaper options.
A solid-state drive (SSD) is similar to an HDD but it uses flash memory chips instead, which are faster than spinning disks. You can find SSD storage space on most laptops now because they offer the best performance compared to other devices. They’re also more expensive than HDDs, but you benefit from faster read and write speeds.
A USB flash drive (UFD) is another common storage device that’s small in size like a pen drive or memory card. It uses flash memory chips instead of rotating disks so it’s very fast for reading and writing data. It’s also small, portable, and cheap when compared to other storage devices. Plus its plug-and-play which means you can use it on any computer without having to install the software.
A motherboard is the foundation of a computer and contains many slots for other components. One type of slot can be found on the backside, called an expansion slot. There are two types: PCI Express and PCI. The first one is typically found in high-end computers, while the second one is more common in lower-end systems.
These slots allow you to add cards such as graphics cards or network cards to your system so that it will have additional functions available to it. They also provide flexibility when upgrading your system because they can accommodate newer technologies without needing to upgrade your entire computer at once.
AMD has been in the CPU market for a while, but they have never had a product that can compete with Intel in terms of performance. The Ryzen 7 3700X is changing this. This is an 8-core/16-thread processor, which means it will be able to handle any task you throw at it with ease. In addition to being powerful, AMD processors are also very affordable and use less power than their Intel counterparts do.
The Ryzen 7 3700X is a high-end CPU and the best Intel motherboard for this chip is an expensive Z390. But you can save some money with a B450 motherboard and it will still allow you to overclock your system if that’s something you’re into. If this isn’t what you’re looking for, some other great options are using Asus or Gigabyte boards.
These two companies make some of the best AM4 motherboards around and both offer lots of color options as well as slightly cheaper prices than MSI. We hope you enjoyed this article on “Best Motherboards for Ryzen 7 3700X” and found it helpful. If there’s something we missed or if you have questions, please leave a comment below.